Agreed statement from GLOBE G8+5 Legislators' Forum, Berlin, 3-4 June 2007
Legislators from the G8 and +5 countries agreed a strong statement to be sent to G8 leaders at the forthcoming G8 Summit in Heiligendamm.
Agreed Statement from the GLOBE G8+5 Legislators’ Forum,
In recent months the international debate on climate change has gained momentum. We welcome the publication of the IPCC’s summary reports from Working Groups 2 (impacts and adaptation) and 3 (mitigation options) and applaud the leadership shown by the European Union (EU), under the presidency of Chancellor Merkel, at the Spring Council. In parallel we support the positive political movement in the
i) a long-term stabilisation goal
ii) promotion of a global carbon market
iii) increased support for technology research, development, deployment and transfer
iv) increased support for adaptation, particularly in developing countries
v) measures to reduce deforestation
We offer the following statement to G8 leaders on specific policy areas:
Carbon markets are key to harnessing private sector energy and innovation to deliver mitigation options at least cost. We call on the G8 to:
* Strengthen and extend existing carbon markets by encouraging links between emerging trading schemes e.g. between EU ETS and schemes in the
* Recognize that carbon markets, although necessary, are not sufficient to deliver the low carbon investment required in a timeframe consistent with the scale of the challenge – supporting policies and instruments are needed, including strengthening of the CDM and mechanisms for increased co-financing of energy investments in developing countries by industrialized countries, as well as a step-change in public-private partnerships to develop transitionary measures to drive down the technology cost curve;
* Acknowledge that carbon markets, to be effective, must be accompanied by ambitious emissions reduction targets and promote the setting of standards and transparency in carbon markets through independent ratings and valuations of carbon funds.
Technology: Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
We call on G8 leaders to accelerate the demonstration and deployment of CCS for fossil fuel power generation by:
* Increasing support for national and international research programmes including through the IEA, CSLF, EU and the Gleneagles Plan of Action; and further practical collaboration between developed and developing countries to accelerate capacity building and demonstration;
* Urgently implementing an increasing number of large scale demonstration near zero emission fossil fuel plants and, by working with industry, ensure all new fossil fuel power plants from 2010 include the capability to install carbon capture equipment and are, as far as possible, located near to potential storage sites;
* Commissioning comprehensive geological mapping across the large coal using countries of the G8 and +5 countries to identify the potential, and most appropriate sites, for storage of carbon dioxide underground;
* Accelerating the development of the necessary legal, regulatory and financial framework for the development of CCS, accompanied by intensified information campaigns by stakeholders and policy makers to ensure public acceptance.
Technology: Energy Efficiency
Much work has been taken forward under the Gleneagles Plan of Action, particularly with the IEA's programme of work. If the G8 is to retain credibility, the Heiligendamm Summit should be the point at which words translate into commitments to practical action to implement the IEA's recommendations(for example the 1 Watt initiative on stand-by power was endorsed at Gleneagles but is yet to be implemented by a G8 country). On that basis, we urge the G8 to:
* Strongly support the European Commission's proposal to develop an international framework agreement on energy efficiency. An international agreement could focus on regulatory co-operation, energy efficiency measurement and evaluation, labelling and performance standards for internationally traded goods, vehicle fuel efficiency, benchmarking and development of sectoral agreements, co-operation on technology development and deployment and financing for energy efficiency. Such an agreement could be taken forward in the Gleneagles Dialogue process with a view to implementation in 2008;
* Make commitments to move towards low- and zero-carbon emitting homes, recognizing regional or local responsibilities for building codes; only procure the best performing buildings for government use; also call on G8 to step up their efforts to raise the thermal efficiency of their existing housing stock which will form around three quarters of our homes in 2050;
* Expand the role of Combined Heat and Power including the provision of cooling.
In order to address the barriers to renewable energy, we recommend the G8 to:
* Take steps to remove incentives and other supports for environmentally harmful;
energy technologies, and develop and implement market-based mechanisms that address externalities, enabling renewable energy technologies and sustainable biofuels to compete in the market on a more equal and fairer basis;
* Ensure that technical and regulatory barriers are removed to allow distributed renewable energy better access to grid systems;
* Pursue further development of certification schemes for biofuels so as to ensure real greenhouse gas emissions reductions and avoid the negative impacts on biodiversity;
* Expand support for R&D of renewable energy technologies that address all sectors of the energy economy—buildings, industry, transport, and utility energy services. Co-operation with developing countries on R&D will assist in technology transfer towards systems tailored for developing country use.
We underline the good opportunities for both biomass and solar in many developing countries and support the abolishment of import tariffs on renewable energy.
In addition, we stress need for an integrated approach to the promotion of energy efficiency and the development of renewable energy.
Enhancing efforts to address adaptation should be a key component of a post-2012 framework. Policies should be taken forward in two main areas:
* under the UNFCCC (the Adaptation Fund and five-year adaptation programme), requiring a substantial increase in funding in order to be effective;
* integrating adaptation, with a focus on risk reduction and disaster prevention, into the full range of development aid.
We are determined to assist in reducing deforestation, responsible for around 20 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, as a cost-effective contribution towards mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, preserving biodiversity, promoting sustainable forest management and securing livelihoods. To this end we call on the G8 to:
* Commit to support the establishment of a Forest Carbon Partnership dedicated to create and test performance-based instruments to reduce emissions from deforestation in developing countries, while generating income for the local population, in support of and without prejudice to ongoing UN climate change discussions. We therefore urge the World Bank, in close cooperation with the G8, developing countries, the private sector, NGOs and other partners, to develop and implement respective public-private partnership pilot activities;
* Continue to support existing processes to combat illegal logging, such as FLEGT, voluntary partnerships, government procurement and other legislative measures;
* Remain engaged in supporting developing countries to achieve their self-commitments for halting forest loss and to implement sustainable forest management, as stated in various regional initiatives, eg the Congo Basin and the Asian Forest Partnerships;
* We urge the international community to strengthen ccoperation and the sharing of best practices bilaterally, at the regional level and multilaterally. Resources should be sufficient to provide the incentives to protect the forests, as well as to recover all implementation costs.
We reiterate the need for G8 leaders to support the negotiations on a post-2012 framework at the 13th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in